Wednesday, November 8, 2017

Setting up Your Web App with Flask

With Python Flask, you can easily setup a web application that is interactive. In this tutorial, we will build a simple deep neural network server that will classify the given image into one of the 1000 categories. When done, your app will look like

Let's create a folder where all your web app files will reside.
$ mkdir ~/web_app
$ cd ~/web_app

Install Flas, Keras and OpenCV modules
$ pip install flask keras opencv-python

Next, create two more folders as below
$ mkdir templates uploads

Create and copy the code below:

Create templates/index.html file and copy the code below:

Create templates/predict.html file and copy the code below:

That's it! Your web app will classify a given image---either uploaded directly from the client or using the web url---using ResNet50 pre-trained network.

To run the server, run
$ python

While the server is running, you can browse to http://SERVER_IP:8888 to view the web app, where of course SERVER_IP must be replaced with the server's actual IP address.

Wednesday, November 1, 2017

Running Keras Deep Neural Network Inference Web Server using WebDNN

Web app is a great tool for simple demo across any platforms. I find it very useful because I can easily show my trained model's output to anyone like a breeze. The catch, however, would be setting up the server, but once the server is up and running, it cannot be any better to boast in your resume and show off to your boss with your trained model.

Here is a tutorial for setting up a simple neural network inference server using WebDNN library. Although its Github page and official documentations are very clear, I still had to spend some time to get it to work. In addition, the official documentation instructs users to compile and install emscripten from source, which will consume quite some time; I will show you how to get around this with install pre-compiled version.

First, one needs to clone WebDNN repository from Github:
$ git clone && cd webdnn

Note that WebDNN only supports Python3.6+, so you need to install this unless you already have it on the system. To check the your Python3 version, run
$ python3 --version

Make sure that it is 3.6+. There are plenty of resources that you can search on Google on how to install Python 3.6+. For instance, on Mac OS X, using homebrew is probably the easiest way:
$ brew install python3

Once you have Python 3.6+, it is a good idea to create virtual environment for what you will need to do.
$ virtualenv -p `which python3` python3

Now, activate the environment and install necessary packages
$ source python3/bin/activate
$ pip install tensorflow-gpu keras h5py

The Python environment is now complete. You now need to setup emscripten environment.
$ git clone && cd emsdk
$ ./emsdk install latest
$ ./emsdk activate latest
$ source ./

Now, we need to install eigen library.
$ wget
$ tar jxf 3.3.3.tar.bz2
$ export CPLUS_INCLUDE_PATH=$PWD/eigen-eigen-67e894c6cd8f
$ cd ..

Finally, we are ready. Let's first create pre-trained ResNet Keras model that we will use. Run Python and run the following lines
$ python
>>> from keras.applications import resnet50
>>> model = resnet50.ResNet50(include_top=True, weights='imagenet')

Exit Python and run the following
$ python ./bin/ resnet50.h5 --input_shape '(1,224,224,3)' --out output

After some time, it will generates files in output directory. To run the server, we first need to modify the example/resnet/script.js file. We must make sure to point to the correct directory by changing the weight path. For the version I have, I modified line 39 to point to output directory.
let runner = await WebDNN.load(`/output`, {backendOrder: backend_name});

Finally, we are ready to run the server. To start the server, run the following in webdnn directory
$ python -m http.server

On your web browser, go to address localhost:8000/example/resnet/index.html

You should be able to test ResNet50 model!